@sabuj Bariatric surgery remains the most effective treatment for severe obesity and can lead to improvement or even resolution of type 2 diabetes. No known previous study has assessed the relationship between magnesium supplementation, magnesium serum levels, and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes both before and after bariatric surgery, nor the relationships between these measures and diabetes remission rates.
Latest posts made by MICKY
RE: Higher Magnesium Links With Better Bariatric Surgery Outcomes
RE: Mediterranean Diet May Keep Late-Life Depression at Bay
@saranya A large body of research shows that a Mediterranean-style diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and olive oil, with moderate consumption of fish, poultry, and alcohol and that eschews red meat and sugar, has a positive impact on physical health, including longevity and a reduced risk for cardiovascular disease and cancer.
RE: Meta-Analysis Confirms Neuroprotective Benefit of Metformin
@chiku Data suggest that metformin, the most commonly prescribed antidiabetic drug, may be neuroprotective, while diabetes is associated with an excess risk of neurodegenerative disease. Results of studies conducted specifically to investigate the benefit of the antidiabetic drug on cognitive prognosis have been unclear. A meta-analysis was published in 2020, but it included cross-sectional and case-control studies. Given the long observation period needed to measure such an outcome, only cohort studies conducted over several years can provide reliable results. This new meta-analysis attempts to circumvent this limitation.
Learning to Salsa Boosts Seniors' Brain Health
Learning and practicing salsa dancing and the cha-cha-cha may boost brain health in older adults, new research suggests. In the BAILA randomized controlled trial, which included more than 300 older participants, those who participated in a Latin dance-training program showed significant improvement in their working memory and mobility — and had fun to boot. Dancing poses a "high demand" on attention and memory, and the process of recalling steps and learning new dance steps may be the reason working memory improved, said study chief Susan Aguiñaga, PhD, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Dancing also provides "coordination, balance, and proprioceptive training," which may help explain the improvement in mobility and walking speed, Aguiñaga noted.
MRI Far Safer Than CT for Guiding Radiotherapy in Prostate Cancer!
There was a remarkable reduction in bowel and urinary side effects when MRI was used instead of CT to guide stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for localized prostate cancer, shows a study from the University of California, Los Angeles. Among the first 100 men in the phase 3 MIRAGE trial (Magnetic Resonance Imaging–Guided Versus Computed Tomography–Guided Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer), MRI guidance more than halved the incidence of grade 2 or higher physician-reported genitourinary toxicity within 90 days of the procedure, which fell from 47.1% with CT to 22.4% with MRI. While 13.7% of men had gastrointestinal complications with CT guidance, there wasn't a single case in the MRI arm. The findings were presented Feb. 17 at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Genitourinary Cancers Symposium.
RE: Treatment options for leprosy infection?
@aishadipta Hansen’s disease is treated with a combination of antibiotics. Typically, 2 or 3 antibiotics are used at the same time. These are dapsone with rifampicin, and clofazimine is added for some types of the disease. This is called multidrug therapy. This strategy helps prevent the development of antibiotic resistance by the bacteria, which may otherwise occur due to length of the treatment. Treatment usually lasts between one to two years. The illness can be cured if treatment is completed as prescribed. If you are treated for Hansen’s disease, it’s important to:
Tell your doctor if you experience numbness or a loss of feeling in certain parts of the body or in patches on the skin. This may be caused by nerve damage from the infection. If you have numbness and loss of feeling, take extra care to prevent injuries that may occur, like burns and cuts.
Take the antibiotics until your doctor says your treatment is complete. If you stop earlier, the bacteria may start growing again and you may get sick again.
Tell your doctor if the affected skin patches become red and painful, nerves become painful or swollen, or you develop a fever as these may be complications of Hansen’s disease that may require more intensive treatment with medicines that can reduce inflammation.
If left untreated, the nerve damage can result in paralysis and crippling of hands and feet. In very advanced cases, the person may have multiple injuries due to lack of sensation, and eventually the body may reabsorb the affected digits over time, resulting in the apparent loss of toes and fingers. Corneal ulcers or blindness can also occur if facial nerves are affected, due to loss of sensation of the cornea (outside) of the eye. Other signs of advanced leprosy may include loss of eyebrows and saddle-nose deformity resulting from damage to the nasal septum.
Antibiotics used during the treatment will kill the bacteria that cause leprosy. But while the treatment can cure the disease and prevent it from getting worse, it does not reverse nerve damage or physical disfiguration that may have occurred before the diagnosis. Thus, it is very important that the disease be diagnosed as early as possible, before any permanent nerve damage occurs.
RE: What to do to cure dysphagia?
@srabani Treatment for dysphagia depends on the type or cause of your swallowing disorder.
For oropharyngeal dysphagia, your health care provider might refer you to a speech or swallowing therapist. Therapy might include:
Learning exercises. Certain exercises might help coordinate your swallowing muscles or re-stimulate the nerves that trigger the swallowing reflex.
Learning swallowing techniques. You might also learn ways to place food in your mouth or position your body and head to help you swallow. Exercises and new swallowing techniques might help if your dysphagia is caused by neurological problems such as Alzheimer's disease or Parkinson's disease.
Acute anaphylaxis of a 65 year old woman!
A 65 year old female called her family doctor complaining of pain in her shoulder. Doctor called to house, and administered 40mg diclofenac IM at. 30 minutes post administration, patient felt her throat beginning to swell, developed a rash, and felt dizzy and weak. Patient developed anaphylactic reaction to IM diclofenac administered by family doctor 30 minutes prior. How to treat this condition?