Taking multivitamin/mineral (MVM) supplements does not prevent myocardial infarction, stroke, or death from a cardiovascular cause, according to a comprehensive meta-analytic review of relevant research. The take-home message is simple: there is no scientific evidence that MVM supplements promote cardiovascular health. We hope that our paper helps to settle the controversy on MVM use for CVD prevention, lead author Joonseok Kim, MD, University of Alabama at Birmingham, told theheart.org | Medscape Cardiology. The study was published online today in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.
Latest posts made by Nilanjana
No Scientific Proof That Multivitamins Promote Heart Health
RE: Lithium Linked to Small Reduction in Dementia Onset
@sreejon To try to fill the evidence base, the researchers carried out a retrospective analysis of health records for people over the age of 50 who had accessed NHS mental health services, from Cambridgeshire and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust, between 2005 and 2019 with a follow-up of at least 12 months. Patients were excluded from the analysis if they had been diagnosed previously with dementia or mild cognitive impairment.
First AI Device for Colonoscopy: Extra Set of Expert 'Eyes'
The first artificial intelligence (AI) endoscopy module developed specifically to help detect adenomas during routine colonoscopy is making its debut following approval by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of the system earlier this month. The GI Genius module is the first and only commercially available computer-aided detection system that uses AI to identify colorectal polyps during routine colonoscopy. The technology is compatible with most standard video endoscopy systems and has been "trained" to identify colonic lesions that are possibly cancerous, according to Medtronic, the distributor of the device.
RE: Treatment and management for Burning mouth syndrome?
@abhideep Studies of burning mouth syndrome (BMS) have focused more on etiology than treatment. Currently, no definitive cure exists; many treatments have been tried with variable success. Attempting combinations of therapies may be appropriate; in particular, cognitive therapy may be synergistic with other agents. Additionally, it may be worth empirically treating for other conditions that cause secondary burning mouth syndrome (BMS) based on the nature of symptoms or exam findings. Because burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a chronic pain syndrome, patients must have realistic expectations of the natural course of their condition. For patients with primary burning mouth syndrome (BMS), an estimated 50-66% may have improvement in symptoms after 6-7 years. A small study of 32 patients reported near universal improvement in symptoms within 16 weeks for patients receiving ongoing multidisciplinary treatment. Spontaneous remission is rare but does occur in roughly 3% of patients. These findings are similar to other idiopathic chronic pain syndromes and support the idea that treatment should be individualized based on symptoms. Continued follow-up is also likely help patients with management of symptoms.
RE: Reproductive History Influences Women's Dementia Risk
@tithi Using the Kaiser Permanente database, the researchers evaluated data for 14,595 women (68% white) who were between 40 and 55 years of age in 1964 to 1973. They had detailed information on the women's reproductive history as well as dementia diagnoses and late-life health events from medical records reviewed from 1996 to 2017. Thirty-six percent of the women developed dementia during this follow-up period. Women with three or more children (50%) had a 12% lower risk of developing dementia compared to women with only one child (hazard ratio [HR], 0.88; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.81 - 0.95). The results held up after accounting for additional mid- and late-life risk factors, such as body mass index and stroke history. Three-quarters of the women had had at least one miscarriage. Women who had not had a miscarriage were at 20% lower risk for dementia compared to women who had, after accounting for possible differences in race, age, education, hysterectomies, and mid- and late-life health conditions (HR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.73 - 0.89).
Higher Fruit, Vegetable Consumption Tied to Well-being!
The physical benefits of eating fruits and vegetables are well documented, but new research shows that higher consumption of these foods also improves mental health and well-being. Results of a large longitudinal study in the United Kingdom show that when individuals increased their fruit and vegetable consumption, their short-term mental well-being — as measured by the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) — also increased. These findings, say investigators, provide yet more evidence that persuading people to consume more fruits and vegetables may not only bolster long-term physical health but also boost mental health.
RE: Patients With Colorectal Cancer: OK to Eat Meat?
@tithi Multivariate analysis showed that there was no association between intake of red or processed meat after colon cancer diagnosis and risk of disease recurrence or mortality. The hazard ratio for risk of recurrence in the highest vs the lowest quartiles of red meat consumption was 0.84, while that for processed meat was 1.05. The risk of all-cause mortality was similar, at a hazard ratio of 0.71 for the highest vs the lowest quartiles of red meat consumption and a hazard ratio of 1.04 for processed meat.
What will I do to reduce my sleep?
In this day and age of overtasking and multitasking, lots of people wish they could save some hours off of their nightly need for sleep. If that sounds like you, unfortunately, your body and brain may not agree with your wish. Most adults feel best when they get somewhere between 7 and 9 hours of sleep a night. Less than that, and you could experience negative effects from sleep deprivation, such as irritability, a weakened immune system, and memory loss. Please suggest how to get rid of sleep?
RE: I have oily skin and acne prone too, how do I take care of it?
@snigdha The most important step of any skin care routine is cleansing your skin. Though most people should be washing their face morning and night, it’s especially important for those with oily skin to give their face a complete cleanse in the morning, That’s why washing with a good exfoliating cleanser, both in the morning and evening, is recommended. Once your skin is clean and free from any makeup, dirt, and oil, Lee suggests you follow with an exfoliating toner that contains either:
if you’re prone to acne, Lee says you should be using benzoyl peroxide or sulfur in the daytime to help curb oil production and prevent breakouts.
RE: How to get rid of yawning?
@bidhan Yawning involves a deep inhale of breath, followed by an open-mouthed exhale once the lungs are full. The average yawn lasts roughly six seconds and during this time your heart rate can increase by up to 30%. While yawning feels similar to taking a deep breath, studies have found that the physiological changes that take place are different in terms of heart rate, eye closure, lung volume, and respiration rate. Scientifically there is no strong evidence behind why we yawn, but fatigue, boredom, and contagious yawning all play a big part. Spontaneous yawning usually occurs when you’re tired. Theories suggest after a lack of sleep there’s less oxygen in your lungs – hence the inhaling of air deeply and slowly. However, there’s little proof to back up this theory. A more authoritative study suggests that we spontaneously yawn to cool the brain. That’s because pumping air into the brain lowers its temperature. This study monitored brain temperature recordings in rats and found that cortical temperatures were significantly raised until the onset of a yawn, which resulted in temperatures drastically falling for 3 minutes after yawning.