@abhishikta The prevalence-based population-attributable risks (PARs) caused by a sedentary lifestyle range from 1.6% (95% CI, 1.0 – 2.4) for hypertension to 8.1% (95% CI, 2.6 – 14.9) for dementia, report Katzmarzyk and colleagues. PARs are more than twice as high in high-income regions, such as the West and Asia-Pacific, as in low-income areas, such as Oceania, East/Southeast Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. In the populous middle-income regions of Latin America and the Caribbean, 69% of total deaths and 74% of CVD deaths are associated with physical inactivity.
Latest posts made by Rajashree
RE: Inactivity Drives 1 in 14 Deaths Globally, New Data Suggest
Ophthalmologists Are Less Depressed Than Other Specialists!
Ophthalmologists report lower rates of clinical depression and higher rates of happiness outside of work than physicians in other specialties, according to the Medscape Ophthalmologist Lifestyle, Happiness, and Burnout Report 2022. One in four ophthalmologists (40%) said they were burned-out, less than in the general physician pool (47%). Emergency medicine (60%) and critical care (56%) ranked highest among all specialties regarding rates of burnout, while public health and preventive medicine (26%) and dermatology (33%) ranked lowest. This new report was compiled from an online survey that included more than 13,000 physicians from 29 specialties, of which 2% of respondents were ophthalmologists. Most respondents (61%) were male; 38% were female. The most common age of respondents was 55–64 (31%), followed by 45–54 (25%) and those 65 years or older (20%). The survey was available from June 29, 2021, to September 26, 2021.
RE: Management methods for renal stone?
@abhideep Management of renal stones depend upon the stone type and etiology. There could be different kind of stores like calcium oxalate calcium phosphate magnesium ammonium phosphate, uric acid or cysteine. Primary good hydration is to be maintained to encourage diuresis if not causing any issue incidental stones can be ignored or monitor with x-ray. After renal or ureteric stone it would be unusual to have urgent surgery and associated renal infection is there this would mean a nephrostomy or a ureteral stent to drain and extracted kidney. Treatment would vary according to the size or position of the stone if the stone is small and in lower ureter medical expulsive therapy is used. Ureteroscopy is the most frequently used surgical treatment for stones in ureter that have not passed or are unlikely to pass by themselves. The stones can be broken up of an extent is left in the ureter at the end of ureteroscopy necessitating their removal at a later stage. Sometime lithotripsy is used for ureteral stone.
RE: Is there any precaution that comorbid patients can adopt to get protected from COVID infection?
@abhideep People of any age with the conditions listed below are more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.
COVID-19 vaccines (initial doses and boosters) and preventive measures for COVID-19 are important, especially if you are older or have multiple or severe health conditions including those on this list.
Approved and authorized COVID-19 vaccines (initial doses and boosters) are safe and effective and should be administered to people at higher risk including people with underlying medical conditions.
Some immunocompromised people may be eligible for a COVID-19 additional primary dose.
RE: Home care remedy to cure menstrual pain?
@apyayee Applying heat to your abdomen and lower back may relieve pain. A 2018 review of studies found that heat therapy (usually a heat patch or pack) was as effective at treating menstrual pain as NSAIDS. It also may cause fewer side effects. However, the authors noted that more research is needed. If you don’t have a hot-water bottle or heating pad, take a warm bath or use a hot towel. Or, you can make your own heating pad:
Cut and sew together two pieces of fabric, leaving a hole at the top.
Fill with uncooked rice and sew up the hole.
Microwave for a few minutes to the desired temperature. Don’t overheat!
Let cool, if necessary. Or, wrap your homemade pad in a towel to reduce heat transfer. Reuse as necessary.
RE: Alopecia areata- how to treat?
@abhideep As conventional treatments for alopecia are extremely limited, studies that support natural treatments for alopecia are even thinner on the ground.
There are some people that recommend rubbing onion or garlic juice, cooled green tea, almond oil, rosemary oil, honey, or coconut milk into the scalp. While none of these are likely to cause harm, their effectiveness is also not supported by research.
Some people turn to alternative treatment methods such as acupuncture and aromatherapy, although there is little, if any, evidence to support these treatments.
Diet plan for a type 2 diabetic patient on oral hypoglycemic agent?
Hello, my father is 56 years old. He was becoming very lean and he used to get tired easily. We took him to a doctor and he advised to undergo blood test. When we got the report, we found out that he is diabetic. His fasting blood glucose level was elevated. He loves eating and eats a lot. We are worried about his health. Doctor has prescribed some oral hypoglycemic medicines that he needs to take regularly. Apart from this he has also been advised to do physical exercise or walk for minimum an hour on a regular basis. My father is under our watch. We make sure that he does not miss his dose. I am looking for a diet plan for him that will be advantageous for his health. Please provide a diet plan for a type 2 diabetic patient.
RE: Criteria for diagnosis of normotensive glaucoma?
@bidhan The basic criteria for diagnosis of normotensive glaucoma are described as below:
Typical glaucomatous optic nerve damage with cupping and loss of neural retinal rim, progression of damage, an open anterior angle on gonioscopy, a mean intra-ocular pressure of less than 22 mmHg and no measurement greater than 24 mmHg, and an absence of a secondary cause.
Retinal detachment due to hypertension
My 15-year-old nephew presented with a seizure in the setting of severe hypertension (250/140 mm Hg). Ophthalmoscopy showed serous retinal detachment, optic disc swelling, hard exudates, and peripapillary flame shaped hemorrhages bilaterally. MR imaging demonstrated occipital T2/FLAIR hyperintensities without restricted diffusion, consistent with PRES. After he returned to full consciousness, visual acuity was 20/200 in both eyes and Humphrey visual fields showed enlarged blind spots. Is his retinal detachment related to hypertension?