@trina A normative range of testosterone is particularly important for the evaluation of hypogonadism because values vary markedly between individuals and within individuals on repeat measurements over a 24-hour period. At least partially because of this variability, many guidelines, including those issued in by the Endocrine Society and the American Urological Association, recommend testosterone assays only in symptomatic individuals in order to reduce risk of detecting low relative levels that are not clinically relevant.
Latest posts made by Tiash
RE: Prediabetes Based on A1c Predicts Cardiovascular Risk
Even Short-term Vaping May Promote Oral Disease
Clinicians have been worried that vaping can cause pulmonary damage. Now researchers report that vaping — even for a few months — can push healthy mouths toward serious periodontal disease. In the first human study of vaping's impact on the oral cavity, the researchers found this electronic drug-delivery system negatively alters the microbial ecosystem of the mouth, creating an ideal breeding ground for pathogenic bacteria whose damaging reach extends beyond the mouth to the cardiovascular system.
RE: Do Personality Traits Predict Cognitive Decline?
@kevin The authors note that the study focused on only three of the Big Five personality traits, while the other 2 — openness to experience and agreeableness — may also be associated with cognitive aging processes and mortality. Nevertheless, given the current results, alongside extensive research in the personality field, aiming to increase conscientiousness through persistent behavioral change is one potential strategy for promoting healthy cognitive aging
More Evidence Ties Diet Drinks to Greater Stroke Risk
Drinking artificially sweetened beverages is linked to increased risk for ischemic stroke, coronary heart disease, and all-cause mortality in women, new research shows. Among almost 82,000 participants in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study, risk for fatal and nonfatal stroke was 23% higher among women who self-reported drinking the most diet beverages — two or more per day — compared to the women who consumed the least. The latter group drank none or less than one of these beverages per week.
Same Weight Loss With Alternate-Day Fasting vs Cutting Calories
In a randomized trial of 100 obese adults, weight loss at 6 months and weight-loss maintenance and cardiovascular risk markers at 12 months were similar with an alternate-day-fasting regimen or a reduced-calorie regimen. People in each of these two intervention groups lost about 5% more weight at 12 months than those in a no-intervention control group. However, the dropout rate was higher in the alternate-day-fasting group (38%) than in the restricted-calorie group (29%) or the control group (26%)
Biological Bases of Increased COVID-19 Morbidity and Mortality in Men
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). COVID-19 has exhibited impressive, sex-specific differences in disease severity, with males experiencing higher fatality rates than females. Several hypotheses have been proposed to account for these sex differences, including X-linked genes that confer immunoprotection, androgen-receptor activity, and sex- and gender-related social factors that are more common in men than women, including high smoking rates, delays in seeking medical care, and a high prevalence of comorbidities
Can Caffeine Help Tackle Obesity via Brown Fat Activation?
Drinking coffee appears to cause activation of brown adipose tissue (BAT), say UK researchers in findings they contend could point to novel ways of tackling obesity and diabetes. Next, in a small number of healthy volunteers, they used thermal imaging to measure temperature changes in the neck (supraclavicular region) — where the greatest abundance of BAT is found — in response to drinking coffee or water.
Prognosis and treatment of Pediatric Social Phobia and Selective Mutism?
Selective mutism is defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) as “an anxiety disorder, given that a large majority of children with selective mutism are anxious.” Selective mutism is a disorder in which an individual is not able to speak aloud in specific situations when there is an expectation of conversational speech. Communicative language is generally intact in such individuals, although selective mutism can coexist with language and communication disorders. Selective mutism can be accompanied by other anxiety disorders such as separation anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder (formerly called social phobia), agoraphobia, and panic disorder, as well as by shyness and anxiety; however, it can also exist without other anxiety-related disorders.
Internet of Medical Things (IoMT)??
Hello, what is Internet of Medical Things (IoMT)? Please elaborate on this. Is there any link between Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) and digital health? I learnt this term from a magazine and want to explore a bit more on this. Please help.
RE: Scrotal pain- how to treat?
@kanish Wear an athletic supporter, or cup, to support the scrotum. Use ice to reduce swelling in the scrotum.
Take warm baths. Support your testicles while lying down by placing a rolled towel under your scrotum.
Use over-the-counter pain medications like acetaminophen or ibuprofen to reduce pain. With more severe pain, you’ll need to seek treatment from your doctor. Your doctor will complete a physical exam of your abdomen, groin, and scrotum to determine what’s causing your pain and will also ask you about your current health conditions and any other symptoms. To accurately diagnose your condition, your doctor may need to order additional tests, including: an ultrasound, which is a type of imaging test, of the testicles and scrotal sac, a urinalysis, urine cultures, an examination of secretions from the prostate, which requires a rectal exam