Diarrhoea- how to treat?
Hello, a 13-year-old boy presents to his primary care provider with a 5-day history of abdominal pain and a 2-day history of diarrhea and vomiting. He describes the quality of the abdominal pain as sharp, originating in the epigastric region and radiating to his back, and exacerbated by movement. Additionally, he has had several episodes of non bloody, nonbilious vomiting and watery diarrhea. His mother discloses that several family members at the time also have episodes of vomiting and diarrhea. What should be the treatment?
@sulagna Always see your doctor if you experience serious symptoms. Babies and young children with diarrhoea need prompt medical attention.
Treatment for diarrhoea depends on the cause, but may include:
plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration
oral rehydration drinks to replace lost salts and minerals. These drinks are available from pharmacies. An alternative is one part unsweetened pure fruit juice diluted with four parts of water
intravenous replacement of fluids in severe cases
medications such as antibiotics and anti-nausea drugs
anti-diarrhoeal medications, but only on the advice of your doctor. If your diarrhoea is caused by infection, anti-diarrhoeal drugs may keep the infection inside your body for longer
treatment for any underlying condition, such as inflammatory bowel disease.