What precautions do I need to take after Total knee Replacement Surgery (TKR)?
Hello, I am a 56 years old male. I have my total knee Replacement Surgery (TKR) next week. I met with an accident and had a knee injury. Can anyone suggest to me What precautions I need to take after Total knee Replacement Surgery (TKR)?
@maheep Hello, After going through a total knee replacement surgery, there are certain precautions which you must take in order to avoid any post-surgery complication or damage and dislocation of your replaced knee.
- Prevention of blood clots
There are chances of blood clot formation during the first few weeks of recovery. Therefore, your orthopedic surgeon may prescribe certain anticoagulants like Aspirin and Warfarin to prevent the clot formation. You must complete the anticoagulant therapy as recommended by your doctor. Also, you must stay vigilant regarding any sign of blood clot formation in your treated leg. These signs include: Excessive pain in the calf. Redness, irritation, and tenderness below or above the treated knee.Increased edema swelling in your ankle, calf, or foot. If you suffer from any of these signs, contact your doctor on an immediate basis to get timely treatment.
Right after your surgery, your replaced joint may not be able to bear your total body weight. Your surgeon will guide you regarding how much weight you can easily put on your knee which won’t cause any damage, injury, or dislocation of your joint. As your replaced knee joint gains strength with time, you’ll be able to put your complete body weight on it without suffering from any harm. However, during the initial weeks, it’s advisable to use a cane, or crutches to walk around. Other instructions regarding proper body posture and physical activity include:
- Don’t twist or cross your legs.
- Do sit in chairs which have seats as high as your treated knee.
- Don’t keep standing for extended periods of time.
- Don’t keep sitting for more than one hour at a time.
- Don’t sleep on the body side which had the surgery.
- Do climb one stair at a time.
- Do avoid excessive kneeling.
- Keep up with physical therapy exercises to maintain strong muscles around the knee, which will support the artificial joint.
- Try to avoid infections. Infectious bacteria enter the body though a cut or wound, major dental procedure (e.g. root canal), or other surgical procedures and eventually reach the artificial knee. An infected artificial knee may require an operation.
- Follow up with the surgeon regularly. Patients are typically asked to follow up with their orthopedist every year or two to check on the artificial knee. These appointments can help detect problems with the artificial knee before the patient notices symptoms.
- Prevention of blood clots