Is post-operative care required after laparoscopic surgery?
Hello, I am a 33 years old female. My father has laparoscopic surgery scheduled in coming next week for the removal of large growths called polyps that can't be completely removed by colonoscopy. He lives alone with my mother who is 55 years old. Should I go there to take care of him? Is post-operative care required after laparoscopic surgery? If yes then what precautions should we take or what precautions patient should take?
@prakriti-0 Hello, Yes it is very important and you should take care of him. After laparoscopic surgery, the patient needs care and the patient must be careful and it is the duty of the surgeon and his team to give full instructions for post operative care after he is discharged from the hospital. After surgery regular follow ups are necessary till the surgeon is satisfied about the healing of the incision wound at the place of surgery. For this the patient needs to visit his surgeon for follow up within the first or second week. This appointment is very much necessary as long term post operative care would be decided during these visits.
The stitches made to the incisions during the surgery need not have to be removed as they will dissolve by themselves in about two to six weeks. Immediately after the surgery, advise the patient to keep the incision site covered for about 48 hours. He can shower after that and pat the wet spot at the incision site with a soft towel using moderate force. It is better to keep the wound covered with adhesive bandage for added protection. Tell him to contact his surgeon immediately in case of any redness, discharge, or tenderness around the stitches as it needs the attention of the surgeon.
There are certain things the patient should avoid immediately after surgery.
- Avoid driving a vehicle during the first 48 hours after the laparoscopic surgery as he may feel drowsy effects of the anesthesia
- Take rest during the day after surgery
- After 24 hours he can do his normal works as long as he is not on any of the narcotic medications
- Not take bath or shower within the first 48 hours after the surgery
- Don't do cycling Jogging or sexual intercourse
- Drink as many fluids as possible to prevent dehydration
- Not eat hard foods and stay to the light liquids, like apple juice, ginger ale, soup, toast, etc to prevent stomach upsets immediately after the surgery
- Get back to the normal diet after two to three days when the patient feels alright
- Drink more water to prevent constipation caused by pain medications
- After the laparoscopic surgery, it is important to make the patient aware of the ways to manage the pain and the management of the surgery wound. This is very important for the comfort of the patient during the postoperative period as well as for getting the process of recovery at a fast track without having to worry about the problems caused by infection at the incision site. Thank You.