. Who are eligible to take Gardasil vaccine. Can it prevent cervical cancer?
Hello, . Who are eligible to take Gardasil vaccine. Can it prevent cervical cancer? Please provide me some useful information on that so that I can avail this.
@preyashi India has the second-highest death rate due to cervical cancer, and HPV is its most common cause. Over 1,22,000 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer every year, and around 67,000 women die of it every year. In addition, over 25 percent of all cervical cancer deaths in the world occur in India. There are over 100 kinds of the virus, of which 13 are known to cause cancer. Two types of HPV - type 16 and type 18 - are responsible for about 70% of cervical cancer cases. The FDA first approved first-generation Gardasil, produced by Merck, in 2006, which prevented infection of four strains of HPV – 6, 11, 16, and 18. In December 2014, Gardasil 9 was approved by the FDA. This vaccine protects against 9 strains of HPV: the four strains approved in the previous Gardasil vaccine, as well as 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58. It is a nano-valent vaccine given as an intramuscular injection, in a total of 3 doses spread over 6 months. In girls aged between 9-26 years, a 3-dose regimen is scheduled at 0, 2 & 6 months for cervical, vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancer; precancerous or dysplastic lesions; genital warts; and persistent infections caused by HPV. In boys aged between 9-15 years, the same 3-dose regimen is advised for prevention of infections caused by HPV such as anal cancer, penile cancer and genital warts.