What is malingering? what is the pathophysiology and prognosis?
When you were a child, did you ever pretend to be sick to get out of going to school? There’s actually a medical name for this behavior; it’s called malingering. It refers to producing false medical symptoms or exaggerating existing symptoms in hopes of being rewarded in some way. For example, someone might pretend to be injured so they can collect an insurance settlement or obtain prescription medication. Others may exaggerate mental health symptoms to avoid criminal convictions.
@kanish Malingering isn’t caused by any physical factors. Rather, it’s the result of someone’s desire to gain a reward or avoid something. That said, malingering is often accompanied by real mood and personality disorders, such as antisocial personality disorder or major depressive disorder. Malingering is an act, not a psychological condition. It involves pretending to have a physical or psychological condition in order to gain a reward or avoid something. For example, people might do it to avoid military service or jury duty. Others might do it to avoid being convicted of a crime. Before suggesting that someone is malingering, it’s important to rule out any possible physical or psychological conditions. Keep in mind that there are certain psychological conditions that might cause someone to unknowingly make up or exaggerate their symptoms.