What are the prehospital care in case of dog bite?
It is a fact of life that dogs bite. Approximately 4.7 million bites inflicted by dogs on people are reported in the US every single year. Although these statistics sound grim, at least 80% of these bites only result in minimal injury and can be treated by someone with basic first aid training. Please suggest some prehospital care in case of dog bite.
@satyajit These types of injuries are usually inflicted on the face, hands/arms, or legs, all areas that tend to bleed copiously. If possible, elevate the affected area and apply a cold, clean towel with pressure until the bleeding slows or stops. The cold will help the blood vessels to contract, so if an ice pack or bag of frozen peas is available, wrapping it in the towel before an application can speed both blood coagulation and reduce bruising to the area. The most important aspect of treating a bite is to prevent infection. Dog’s canine teeth tend to make puncture wounds, and puncture wounds can easily become contaminated with bacteria. The second step in treating a bite is to wash it out very well with warm water and soap. If possible, let warm water run over the injury for a full five minutes to flush away any bacteria. Then, apply an antibiotic ointment and cover the wound with a sterile dressing. Wash the wound daily and reapply antibiotic ointment before replacing the dressing. Most minor bite wounds on healthy people heal quite rapidly.