Childhood-Onset Insomnia Persists Into Adolescence and Adulthood!
Childhood-onset insomnia is a chronic problem in 43% of children, based on 15-year follow-up data from approximately 500 individuals. Difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep (DIMS) is the most frequently reported insomnia symptom in children and teens, but longitudinal data on the trajectory of insomnia symptoms from childhood into adulthood are limited, Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, PhD, of Penn State University, Hershey, and colleagues wrote. Previous studies have shown varying results, notably on the effect of objective short sleep duration (OSSD), they said. The extent to which the effect of OSSD on insomnia trajectories, and whether OSSD affects the development of insomnia in the transition to adulthood remains uncertain.
@aman mong children with insomnia symptoms at baseline, 53.7% had persistence of insomnia symptoms in adolescence and 61.9% had symptoms in young adulthood; 46.3% and 38.1% remitted at these times. Among children with insomnia symptoms at adolescence, 57.5% and 42.5% had persistence and remittance, respectively, in young adulthood. In children with insomnia at baseline, therefore, the most frequent developmental trajectory was persistence (43.3%) followed by remission (26.9% since childhood and 11.2% since adolescence) and a waxing and waning pattern (18.6%)