Effect of estrogen on the brain in menopausal and perimenopausal women.
Many women report memory or cognition changes associated with the menopause transition and menopause. Cognitive changes associated with the menopause transition include reduced processing speed and reduced verbal memory. However, the contributing roles of menopause and perimenopausal related to estrogen decline, aging, psychosocial functioning, and menopause-related symptoms such as insomnia and hot flushes need clarification. The contributing roles of menopause and perimenopausal related to estrogen decline. How does estrogen affect the brain?
@anya Oestrogens affect the development and aging of brain regions that are crucial to higher cognitive functions. There are three common physiological estrogens- estradiol, estrone, and estriol. During menopause estradiol rapidly decline. This decline in estradiol has been associated with a number of changes in the brain including cognitive changes, effects on sleep, and effects on mood. Estrogen effects on brain volumes and neuronal connectivity.