Fecal Transplant Linked to Reduced C Difficile Mortality
Vancomycin followed by fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) was associated with reduced Clostridioides difficile (C. diff)-related mortality in patients hospitalized with refractory severe or fulminant C. diff infection (CDI) at a single center. The improvements came after Indiana University implemented an FMT option in 2013. About 8% of C. diff patients develop severe or fulminant CDI (SFCDI), which can lead to toxic colon and multiorgan failure. Surgery is the current recommended treatment for these patients if they are refractory to vancomycin, but 30-day mortality is above 40%. FMT is recommended for recurrent CDI, and it achieves cure rates greater than 80%, along with fewer relapses compared with anti-CDI antibiotic therapy.
@aparupa In the study published in the September issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, researchers led by Yao-Wen Cheng, MD, and Monika Fischer, MD, of Indiana University, assessed the effect of FMT on SFCDI after their institution adopted it as a treatment protocol for SFCDI. Patients could receive FMT if there was evidence that their SFCDI was refractory, or if they had two or more CDI recurrences. The treatment includes oral vancomycin and pseudomembrane-driven sequential FMT.