What should be the diet plan for patients with kidney stones?
Hello, my daughter is 15 years old. She was frequently getting lower abdominal pain. We took her to doctor and with her advice my daughter has done USG evaluation. The report indicates that she has tiny concretions in both the kidney. Doctor told us that she does not need to undergo any surgery as of now but she needs to restrict herself from any oily food. Any rich and spicy food is not good for her and she needs to intake plenty of fluid. I am looking for a diet plan for the patients who have kidney stones. Please share your comments.
@satwika There are some general diet recommendations for kidney stones:
Drink plenty of fluid: 2-3 quarts/day. This includes any type of fluid such as water, coffee and lemonade which have been shown to have a beneficial effect with the exception of grapefruit juice and soda. This will help produce less concentrated urine and ensure a good urine volume of at least 2.5L/day.
Limit foods with high oxalate content: Spinach, many berries, chocolate, wheat bran, nuts, beets, tea and rhubarb should be eliminated from diet intake.
Eat enough dietary calcium: Three servings of dairy per day will help lower the risk of calcium stone formation. Eat with meals.
Avoid extra calcium supplements: Calcium supplements should be individualized by your physician and registered kidney dietitian.
Eat a moderate amount of protein: High protein intakes will cause the kidneys to excrete more calcium therefore this may cause more stones to form in the kidney
Avoid high salt intake: High sodium intake increases calcium in the urine which increases the chances of developing stones.